Algeria is bordered by Tunisia in the northeast, Libya in the east, Morocco to the west and to the southwest by Western Sahara, Mauritania, and Mali. To the southeast is Niger, and to the north lies the Mediterranean Sea.
Algeria is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa. Europeans previously referred to the Maghreb region as Barbary or Barbary States. The region’s territory was defined then as the Atlas Mountains west of Egypt, and the coastal plains of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya. With the creation of the Arab Maghreb Union in 1989, Mauritania and of the disputed territory of Western Sahara were added.
Algeria covers 2,381,741 km2, making it the 10th largest country in the world, and the largest country in all of Africa. Algeria is also the largest of the Mediterranean countries. Algeria is comprised of 48 provinces and 1541 communes. The population is about 37.9 million, making Algeria the 35th most populated country on Earth.
Some quick facts about Algeria…
Algeria’s economy is predominantly based on oil. The national oil company, Sonatrach, is the largest company in all of Africa.
Algeria has the second largest standing military in North Africa.
Algeria is the most politically stable of any other North African country, but there’s often sectarian violence in the desert region of the country.
Algeria has had a peaceful nuclear program since the 1990s.
Besides being a founding member of the Arab Maghreb Union, Algeria is also a member of the African Union, the Arab League, OPEC and the United Nations.
Algeria has been home to many ancient prehistoric cultures. Early remnants of hominid occupation dating back well over 200,000 years have been found in the Ain Hanech region, in Saïda Province.
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