Cardiff is a port city on the south coast of Wales, where the River Taff meets the Severn Estuary.
Cardiff was made a city in 1905, and proclaimed the capital of Wales in 1955. Since the 1980s, Cardiff has seen significant development. A new waterfront area at Cardiff Bay contains the Senedd building, home to the Welsh Assembly and the Wales Millennium Center arts complex.
Cardiff is the name of both the city and county borough, and is the Welsh capital and largest city in Wales, and the 11th largest city in the UK. Habitation of Cardiff spans at least 6,000 years. The area around Cardiff has been inhabited by modern humans since the Neolithic Period. Four Neolithic burial chambers stand within a radius of 16 km of Cardiff city center. Four Iron Age hill fort and enclosure sites have been identified within the boundary of Cardiff city and county.
Until the Roman conquest of Britain, Cardiff was part of the territory of an Iron Age Celtic British tribe called the Silures. The tribe’s land also included areas that would become known as Brecknockshire, Monmouthshire and Glamorgan. The Roman fort established by the River Taff, which gave its name to the city, was built over an extensive settlement that had been established by the Silures in around 50 AD.
The revitalized waterfront at Cardiff Bay includes the Wales Millennium Centre complex, home of the national opera, orchestra, theater and dance companies. Cardiff is also the country’s principle commercial center.
Tourism is a major industry in Cardiff, and the city is the most popular tourist destination in Wales. Approximately 19 million people visit the city annually. In 2011 National Geographic ranked Cardiff sixth in the world as an alternative tourist destinations.
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